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sexta-feira, 21 de maio de 2010

Annotated Bibliography - Online Teaching Techniques

Pedagogical Techniques for Computer-Mediated Communication
The rise of computer-mediated communication and the Internet has reshaped the uses of computers for teaching and learning. With the advent of the Internet, the computer—both in society and in the classroom—has been transformed (in a first step) from a tool for information processing and display to a tool for information processing and communication. In a second step, with the web 2.0, the idea is linking people, “sharing, trading and collaborating”. (WEB 2.0)


Paulsen, M. F. Online Education and Learning Management Systems: Global E-learning in a Scandinavian Perspective (http://www.studymentor.com/)

Prof. Morten Paulsen defines the Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) like the “transmission and reception of messages using computers as input, storage, output, and routing devices. CMC includes information retrieval, electronic mail, bulletin boards, and computer conferencing”.

Prof. Paulsen also refers the different pedagogical techniques according to the criteria of "who to whom”:
a) One-alone Techniques with online databases, online journals, online applications; software libraries, online interest groups, interviews;
b) One-to-one Techniques with learning contracts, apprenticeships, internships, correspondence studies;
c) One-to-many Techniques with lectures, symposiums, skits;
d) Many-to-many Techniques with debates, simulations or games, role plays, case studies, discussion groups, transcript based assignments, brainstormings/brainwritings, Delphi techniques, nominal group techniques, forums, project groups.


Top 100 Tools for Learning 2009
Here we have a presentation of the top 100 tools for learning created with the contributions 278 Learning Professionals worldwide. Many of this tools can be use to apply teaching online techniques mentioned in previous articles. Here is a list of the things we can do with the LTs:

My personal opinion:

1. Online teaching techniques
Talking with some people and, at first glance, I understood that for them online education seemed like an easy and undervalued way of obtaining our education. As it was a bit shocking for me this pre-conceived idea, I decided to study the case a bit more and what I understand now is that, after years of testing and constant studies, online learning is gaining acceptance by the education industry as an acceptable and productive way of obtaining our own education. Some of the opinions suggest that online learning is actually a more efficient and effective way for students to learn.
a) What are the implications of using individual and group assignments in online education?
b) Both individual and group assignments are the best way to avoid the distant or disadvantaged locations;
c) Online education is easy to access and provides a convenient way to obtain course materials such as homework, exam schedules, test scores and more;
d) Facilitates easy information transfer and makes possible to be always updated with the information (good for students, workload for teachers);
e) For most online schools, all course information is obtained by browsing the internet and sending/receiving email. This instant and secure transfer of information provides a convenient way for students to communicate with their instructors and fellow classmates. Some classes can even participate in chat sessions, the best way for students to interact with each other while learning a particular subject.

2. What are the common problems we are facing in some schools?
Changing technology may create barriers to accessing learning environments. In our school, because of the “technological impact” we are changing everything (PCs, servers, web services, etc.). What is still happening is that there are many days that we have problems to connect, so we must always be prepared with the alternative of the traditional classroom.
Another difficulty we feel is that it is not so easy for the students to exchange ideas and questions with one another providing another valuable learning medium. I am still convinced that first-hand interaction with the educating teacher/person also allows for ideas to be exchanged freely and without any communication barriers.

3- How can we secure a reasonable workload for online teachers?!
The truth to the matter is that there are advantages and disadvantages to every type of learning environment. On the one hand online classes allow for a more individual perspective from the teachers standpoint due to most of the communication being easily handled through email and chat. On the other hand that can lead to an unreasonable workload that will be almost impossible to deal with.
So the best choice, as far as I imagine, is to use the advantages that each method offers to their fullest extent. It appears that a combination of online and classroom learning to convey subject matter to students will be the best teaching method.

Learning Object

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